In 1978, Israeli forces illegally invaded the southern part of Lebanon.
In 1982, Israel continued with its invasion up to and including Beirut. The
United States, France, Italy and the United Kingdom sent a multi-national
force to provide security while Israel pulled back and Palestinian forces
left for Tunis. Israel defying UN Resolution 425, remained in a large part
of south Lebanon..
Israel partially withdrew from central Lebanon in 1984 and 1985 but enlarged
its occupation of the southern part of the country up to the area of Jezzine.
In 1985, it declared that part of the country as a security zone for its
On April 11, 1996, following an escalation in intermittent skirmishes, Israel
commenced a bombardment of southern Lebanon and certain other targets in
Lebanon, including the southern suburbs of Beirut.
On April 27, 1996, a cease-fire "April Understanding" came into effect. The
cease-fire was based on a written but unsigned agreement drawn up by France
and the United States and setting out a position mutually acceptable to Israel,
Syria and Lebanon, which expanded and consolidated oral cease-fire understanding
reached in July 1993. These arrangements established an international group
composed of representatives of the United States, France, Syria, Lebanon
and Israel to monitor the cease-fire. Meetings of the monitoring group took
place on a regular basis for the purpose of addressing repeated breaches
of the cease-fire.
On June 24, 1999, February 7, 2000, and May 5, 2000, Israeli military aircraft
attacked several power stations and bridges near Beirut, as part of more
frequent recent air attacks on Lebanese territory. The rehabilitation of
the infrastructure damaged by these Israeli attacks has been completed.
On May 24, 2000, Israel withdrew its troops from a large territory in southern
Lebanon, which it had been occupying since 1978. A
significant issue relating to the withdrawal remains unsettled. This relates
to the status of certain villages and adjacent land on the eastern side of
Alsheikh Mountain, known as the “Shebaa Farms”, which have been occupied
by Israel since 1967. The Government advised the United Nations that it considers
the area to be Lebanese territory and that, as such, the withdrawal must
On January 22, 2001, the Secretary General of the United Nations submitted
to the United Nations Security Council a report covering the period from
the withdrawal by Israeli forces from southern Lebanon (excluding the
“Shebaa Farms”) on July 18, 2000 to January 18, 2001 which described the
situation in southern Lebanon as generally stable, with the exception of
certain breaches of the line of withdrawal (the so called “Blue Line”). The
breaches consist of Israeli attacks on Lebanese territory and attacks on
Israeli occupation military targets in the “Shebaa Farms” area.
On June 12, 2006, in response to the Lebanese group, Hezbollah, capture of
two Israeli soldiers, Israel backed by few Western powers attacked Lebanon
infrastructures, from bridges, airport, ports, depots, hospitals, everything
it can bomb. It attacked children, women, and elders. Over 1,300 Lebanese,
including infants, and children were killed on the order of the Israeli prime
minister Ohud Olmert. The economical loss to Lebanon was in approximate number
of 1.6 billion. Lebanese group in response attacked several cities on
the Israeli side with a significant damage to the local infrastructure.
Israel failed to meet its objective of its war on Lebanon, and the
Lebanese group, Hezbollah declared victory. The issue of Shebaa Farms was
a point of the UN Resolution 1701, which ended the June 2006 war.
Israeli Occupation of the Shebaa Farms:
During the 1967 Six Day War Israeli forces seized a piece of Lebanese territory
called the Shebaa Farms, a 25 square kilometer area consisting of 14 farms
located south of the Shebaa, a Lebanese village on the western slopes of
Mount Hermon. Since Lebanon was not a participant in the Six Day War, UN
representatives were biased for Israel, pointing out that the 1923 Anglo-French
demarcation and the 1949 Armistice line clearly designated the area as Syrian
territory. The UN backed Israel and certified its pullout from Lebanon.
However, Lebanese and Syrian officials insisted that Syria had officially
given the territory to Lebanon in 1951. Lebanese officials pointed to the
fact that a number of residents in the area have land deeds stamped by the
Lebanese army maps published in 1961 and 1966 specifically pinpoint several
of the Shebaa Farms, including Zebdine, Fashkoul, Mougr Shebaa and Ramta,
all of which are designated as being lebanese. Lebanese Ministry of Tourism
maps also show the Lebanese-Syrian border running west of the Shebaa Farms.
Syria has officially acknowledged the Farms are Lebanese.
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said the Israeli-occupied Shebaa Farms belong
to Lebanon. Assad told a news conference in Paris before ending a state visit
to France, Beirut and Damascus will demarcate their countries' border at
Shebaa Farms after Israel withdraws from the region. They will then submit
a new map to the UN.
The Lebanese Resistance has vowed to keep up resistance operations in the
area until Israel withdraws.
Source: Republic of Lebanon